The most common documents used in International Shipping
- Budget Quotation from seller
- Purchase order from the buyer.
- Commercial Invoice — Issued by a seller
- Bill of Lading / Airway Bill — Issued by Shipping Company
- Export Packing list — Issued by a seller
- Certificate of Origin — Issued by a chamber of commerce
- Insurance certificate — Issued by an Insurance Company.
- Export License, not always needed, but the seller should always check
Some kind of Financial Institution is needed until Block Chain taking over
If you want to purchase and you have found a supplier, you will most likely need A Letter of Credit to be issued by a creditworthy bank guaranteeing payment on goods before the supplier will take action.
If the buyer is unable to complete the payment then the bank pays the remaining amount to close the transaction.
On the other hand, you want to make sure to receive what you have paid for.
A Dock or Warehouse Receipt is a shipping document that proves a shipment of goods has been received by the international carrier and includes all the critical information about the shipment including characteristics, size, dimensions, and weight.
As seen in the examples above and below, there are many aspects to consider and pitfalls to avoid, when trading internationally.